1977 – The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight
. The Kremer prize had been set up in 1959 by Henry Kremer, a British industrialist, and offered £50,000 in prize money to the first group that could fly a human-powered aircraft over a figure-eight course covering a total of a mile. The course also included a ten-foot pole that the aircraft had to fly over at the start and end. The Gossamer Condor was the first human-powered aircraft capable of controlled and sustained flight; as such, it won the Kremer prize in 1977. It was created by Paul MacCready and Peter Lissaman of AeroVironment, Inc. The aircraft, which was capable of taking off under human power, was piloted by amateur cyclist and hang-glider pilot Bryan Allen.